Periodontal Gum Disease

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What is periodontal disease and how is it treated?

Periodontal disease is actually a common condition which can be present in a number of forms ranging from mild to severe. Periodontal disease causes the gums to become weaker and can result in teeth decaying faster or even falling out.

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum tissue which holds your teeth in place. This includes the ligaments which anchor your teeth to your jaw bone.

One of the main reasons all dentists encourage each of us to pay attention to our oral hygiene is to prevent periodontal disease. Because bacteria is the main cause of the disease, flossing and brushing daily is key to prevention of the plaque buildup. Regular dental cleanings are very important to maintain.

Periodontal disease is a common condition which ranges from mild to severe. If you have had your gums bleed when you brush or floss, you may have had a mild case of gingivitis. Regular dental visits will enable a dentist to catch early-stage gum disease and reverse it.

Some individuals with autoimmune diseases are more vulnerable to experiencing gum disease. Signs of periodontal disease include bleeding gums, receding gum lines, white spots on the gums, and persistent bad breath. Early treatments involve better oral hygiene habits and possibly the use of antibiotics.

Left unattended, this can develop into periodontal disease which in its worst stage can lead to loss of teeth, and possibly the need for gum or bone graft surgery.

Is bad breath related to gum disease?

If you notice that your gums bleed when you brush and/or floss your teeth, that is a good sign that you have gingivitis, or possibly an even further progressed version of the disease.

Signs of more advanced disease include loose teeth, loss of teeth, and halitosis (bad breath). If you suspect that your bad breath indicates serious health conditions, there are a variety of treatments available.

Some symptoms of gum disease can include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Bad breath that lingers for longer than usual
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose or sensitive teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Teeth that appear longer (due to gum recession)
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Bree - Front Office

“If you notice that your gums bleed when you brush and/or floss your teeth, that is a sure sign that you might have gingivitis. Let us help!”

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What are the main types of gum diseases?

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While a variety of issues can arise with oral health, there are two main types of gum diseases that a person can contract:


Gingivitis is a condition caused by plaque and tarter build-up on the teeth. When left unaddressed, the bacteria will become inflamed and produces red, swollen gums that bleed easily.

Gingivitis can be painful and may look grisly, but it is considered to be one of the milder types of gum disease that can be treated with brushing, flossing, and dental cleaning. It does not include the loss of any bone or tissue.


When gingivitis is not properly treated, it can develop into this particularly unpleasant condition (which means “inflammation around the tooth”). This is when the gums separate from the teeth and form sinkholes, or “pockets.” These holes become infected and the body’s immune system kicks into gear to ward off the bacteria as the plaque spreads below the gum line.

However, as this battle rages, the toxins from the bacteria coupled with the body’s natural responses break down the bone and tissue that hold the teeth in place. This may cause the gums, tissue, and bones to be destroyed. The teeth will literally rot to the point of becoming loose, and may have to eventually be pulled. Periodontitis is a serious oral health condition.

How can Periodontal Disease affect your overall health?

It can be very difficult to think that you may be suffering from gum or periodontal disease. A condition like this can affect your health and your confidence. Sore or damaged gums may make it difficult to eat, and they can cause you to hide your smile from others.

Signs and symptoms of periodontitis can include:

  • Swollen or puffy gums.
    Bright red, dusky red, or purplish gums.
  • Gums that feel tender when touched.
  • Gums that bleed easily.
    Pink-tinged toothbrush after brushing.
  • Spitting out blood when brushing or flossing your teeth.
  • Bad breath.
  • Pus between your teeth and gums.

Dr. Kyle Radin, dentist at Good Health Dental:We can spot the early warning signs of gum disease and advise you on the right course of action to keep your gums healthy.”

Gum (Periodontal) disease is a serious issue and not just for your oral health, but for your overall health too. Sore, damaged, or diseased gums can make eating difficult, and they might also cause you to hide your smile from others. Periodontal disease is linked to multiple other diseases like respiratory disease, rheumatoid arthritis, coronary artery disease, and problems controlling blood sugar in diabetes.

What to expect with a periodontal disease examination?

If you suspect that you might have gum disease, it is important to consult us right away for treatment methods. We will conduct a thorough examination to determine whether or not you may be at risk.

This examination may include the following:

  • Questions about your medical history (in order to identify possible underlying risk factors or conditions (i.e., smoking) that could contribute to gum disease)
  • Evaluation of gums for inflammation
  • Using a tiny ruler (a “probe”) to check for any unusually deep pockets
  • Taking an X-ray to see if there is any bone loss and where that bone loss may be located

At, we provide dental treatment that addresses the whole person, devising a well-rounded hygienic plan that looks at overall well-being rather just isolating the problem to the teeth or gums.

Do you want your oral health back? Don’t delay. Schedule an appointment today.

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